What Is Most Furniture Made Of – An Expert’s Point Of View

October 11, 2022

What is most furniture made of? In this article, we’ll show you how to inspect a piece of furniture and what details or telltale signs to look for to easily identify the type of wood used to make it. It is helpful in product selection to know the basic characteristics of all woods, such as hardness, grain, and color.

 What Is Most Furniture Made Of - From An Expert's Point Of View

A Guide to Furniture Woods

What is most furniture made of? Walnut wood, oak wood, mahogany wood, rosewood, fruit tree wood, etc. These are the types that were commonly used in the period before 1990 to make furniture. Until today, many changes have been made chiefly of ash, pine, gum, and poplar, and the hidden parts are produced by pine, fir, and other cheap woods. And, of course, the high-class furniture will be sophisticatedly processed with rare woods.

Wood Characteristics

We need to pay attention to the main characteristics of wood: hardness, wood grain, and color.

All plants have an annual growth ring, made up of cells that form during the growing season each year. Some woods are smooth and clear looking; they feature straight particles, stripes, swirls,  ripples, eyes, and speckled effects. Available in colors ranging from white and light yellow to red, purple, and black. Each species has a distinctive texture and coloration, although they vary from plant to tree.

Wood Characteristics

How To Assess Wood

For the newcomers, it looks tough, right? But when going into practice, it will not be as difficult as you think. When you do it many times, you will have experience. You can identify different types of wood by touch and smell, and you can observe the color and grain of the wood. To know what most furniture is made of and what type they are, we will have to answer the following questions. Approximately how old (based on wood grain), and what color, open grain or closed grain?

Is The Wood In Your Furniture Real Wood?

Our wooden furniture will come in wide varieties, including natural wood, solid wood, chipboard, and fiberboard. Depending on the purpose of use, we will give different types. Let’s take a look at some characteristics of each kind with Q-Furniture.

Medium-Density Fibreboard (MDF)

DF is a wood product that breaks the remains of hardwood or softwood into wood fibers. It is a perfect combination of wood particles with wax and a resin binder, formed by applying high temperature and pressure. MDF is denser than plywood.

Medium-Density Fibreboard (MDF)

Particle Board

Particle board is an engineered wood product manufactured from wood chips, sawmill shavings, or sawdust. The molecules are held together by a synthetic resin that is then extruded and extruded. This type is most commonly used in low-quality furniture. Furniture manufacturers often cover particleboard with natural or imitation veneer, doing their best to emulate the look of solid wood.


A veneer is a thin sheet of better-quality wood attached to the core, usually a cheaper material such as particle board or MDF. You can easily combine bead patterns and create different designs to unleash your creativity. The lack of personality and inherent wood grain is the weakness of the veneer.


It is one of the most widely used wood products. Plywood is a manufactured wood panel made from thin planks of wood veneer. Because of their popularity, perhaps each of us has seen them. They are flexible, cheap, reusable, and can often be produced domestically. Plywood is used as an alternative to wood because of its resistance to cracking, shrinking, warping, and high strength. Plywood layers are held together by adjacent panels with their wood grain at right angles to form a composite material.


All Wood

It is understood that the furniture is made entirely of wood. However, an all-wood piece of furniture can include some combination of solid wood and engineered wood. What is most furniture made of? We have gone through 5 types of wood for furniture. For a complete answer, we also have hardwood and softwood, which will be discussed in more detail below.


Hardwood is the wood from broadleaf trees that lose their leaves in winter, such as oak, ash, cherry, maple, and poplar. The most significant advantage of hardwood is that it has a denser and more complex structure, which often provides superior strength and stiffness. In addition, they also have a higher aesthetic value with natural wood grains and beautiful colors.


Softwoods come from coniferous trees that remain green in winter, such as pine or cedar. They are available all over the world, and they grow very fast so they will cost a lot less than hardwood. It can be used for a variety of purposes, such as furniture, flooring, landscaping, exterior woodwork, and structural applications. Usually easy to manufacture and widely used.

Difference Between Laminate, Veneer, And Solid Wood Furniture

When you compare wooden furniture options, you are likely to encounter three types of materials: solid wood, wood veneer, and wood laminate. These are all distinct options that come with their own possible advantages and disadvantages.

Basics Of Laminate

Wood laminate furniture is made from many layers of fiberboard and plastic, laminated together. Between the top layer and the base layer is usually the oak layer.

Basics of Laminate

Pros Of Laminate

Affordable, this is a great advantage for companies looking to equip their facilities on a budget.
The surface is durable, impervious to environmental agents, and resistant to scratches and stains due to its durable, sealed surface. Wooden laminate furniture is also very easy to clean and maintain.
Another reason to consider laminate is that it opens up endless possibilities for design, you can try to see how wood furniture combines with concrete. Because the surface is covered in a decorative design, you can choose a wood grain pattern, a color, or a different design.

Cons Of Laminate

Besides the pros of laminate, the cons of laminate are also inevitable.
As an artificial copy, laminate for wood furniture may look like real wood, but some people feel that the copied wood grain design can never match the beauty and authenticity of solid wood or wood veneer.
Scratches cannot be repaired, laminate surfaces are scratch resistant, but if they are already scratched, you cannot sand the scratch and repaint the surface.

Veneer Basics

Veneer Basics is made by cutting thin slices from an entire log to form a wood panel. There are many ways to cut these panels, and different cutting styles lead to varied patterns.

Veneer Basics

Pros of Veneer

Similar to solid wood, this means the surface of your furniture will better mimic the natural beauty of solid wood furniture than laminate.
Less affected by the environment, as most veneer tables or other furniture are made of stable substrates.
One great reason to consider veneer furniture is that there are more options for wood types.

Cons of Veneer

The most significant disadvantage is that it is tough to repair. You can’t sand the surface and repaint as often as you’ll quickly sand through the veneer down to the underlying substrate.

Solid Wood Basics

What is most furniture made of? Furniture can also be made from solid wood basics. It is the most common term to distinguish between conventional and engineered wood, but it also refers to structures with no voids.

Solid Wood Basics

Pros of Solid Wood

Solid wood has an unmistakable quality feel, and solid wood furniture is an excellent choice with a luxurious or traditional feel.
Unique appearance, with wood grain, grain, and natural beauty. Tables or countertops with live edges can give a particularly distinctive look.
Easy to repair if the surface is scratched or stained, you can always fix it. You can completely repaint the countertop by sanding and re-staining.

Cons of Solid Wood

To own a natural product, of course, the cost you leave her is not cheap at all, in addition to being easily affected by climates such as direct exposure to sunlight or rainwater.

Choosing Laminate, Veneer, and Solid Wood

So, among the laminates, veneer or solid wood is the best? Well, the answer is that it depends on your needs. Each has pros and cons, and you can choose one after carefully considering your requirements.

With such a tradition of wooden furniture, what do you think about combining concrete and wood on the table?

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